1984 (film)- Georgeorwell notes
ContextThe context of the filmwas in an age of totalitarianism, mainly in Spain, Germany, and the Soviet Union. the establishment of the Communist Party in China in 1949. These governments had “iron curtains” around their populations, suppressing their freedoms and strictly controlling their actions. The context was also directed at the burning of books during the nazi war. |
SummaryThe story unfolds on a cold April day in 1984 in Oceania, the totalitarian superpower in post? World War II? Europe. Winston Smith, employed as a records editor at the Ministry of Truth. Depressed and oppressed, he starts a journal of his rebellious thoughts against the Party. Winston only writes when safe from the view of the surveying telescreens.
At work, Winston becomes curious about a machine-operator in the Fiction Department. The two begin a secret love affair, first meeting up in the countryside, and then in a rented room atop Mr. Charrington??™s shop in the prole district. Winston??™s views about their government (the Party) change. Winston is drawn to the revolutionary “Brotherhood” because, well, they??™re revolutionary. Eventually, Winston makes contact with O??™Brien, who is actually a spy.
He gets tortured. Turns out that secret hiding place wasn??™t so secret after all. The happy couple is then brought to the Ministry of Love, where criminals and opponents of the Party are tortured.
Released, Winston??™s heart is filled with love for the Party. Even when he and Julia meet again by chance, they feel apathetic towards each other. The last man in Europe has been converted and destroyed. |
TechniquesCharacterization * Characterization- how the characters are developed. Winston smith, the main character is characterised or developed. Winston has sexual relationship with a woman called Julia. * Winston smith has independent thought. Throughout the film, Winston, defies the party??™s rules and rebels against the party. He hides a secret diary inside his apartment block, and writes his negative thoughts towards war and big brother. His empowerment is so strong that he defies the party even in pain at room 101. The effect is to show how strongly Winston feels at rebelling against the central power and not confirming to society. * When Winston is talking about the past , the future and about big brother, a sombre tone is used. The effect is to make us feel the happiness and disappoint that Winston feels. Symbolism * Symbolism- Something that represents something else by association, resemblance. It is shown in the novel: * Big brother- Everywhere people go, there is that old television screen with the image of the man staring them. The image is very large and has big eyes at the centre. At the workplace and at the homes, there is that image. Big brother is a symbol of the misuse of power in an totalitarian government. * Telescreens- there are big large screens at every private and public space in the government??™s country. The government shows propaganda and brainwashes people via the screens. They are a symbol of the control of the government over the people. It is also a symbol of how far governments will go to manipulate and change its people??™s minds. The effect is to make us think twice about wanting a totalitarian society. * Mr. Charrington and the shop- Mr charrington (store owner) and the shop symbolises uncertainty and untrustworthiness. At the start of the film, Winston goes to him to buy the journal, and also asks him to use the hidden room. Mr charrington talks to Winston and appears friendly and trustworthy but is actually a spy. This emphasizes that in a totalitarian world, no one can be trusted.Setting * Setting- where the film is set. In the film: * The setting is very dark and tense. Everywhere people go, it is full of darkness, negativity and spying technology utilised by the government. * At the start of the film, with the introduction of INGSOC at the large hall, it is very dark. There are lots of dark colours and it is very dimly lighted. The mood is very tense with people shouting and raising their hands. No one is happy or laughing. * Winston??™s home is very depressing. There are lots of dark colours, low lighting, and not much in the room. There are smashed glass, rubble, destruction and sounds of helicopters and explosions. There is a large telescreen taking up the whole of the wall. * The effect is to give the viewer the judgement that a life under a totalitarian government is very bad. It reflects that the director thinks that a government that seeks to limit the freedom and happiness of the population is terrible.Lighting * The majority of the film has low lighting. At many places, e.g. winstons home, the ministry of truth, the public bar. The low lighting gives the film a gloomy atmosphere, in which the audience seems and imagines the sadness and gloominess of the lives of oceania. * In the many scenes where Winston goes to talk with Julia in the forest, it is very bright. There is lots of lighting. The effect of this is to add a sense of hope for the viewer that the people in the film will have happiness in their lives. |